Although there are more refugees today than there were at the end of World War Two, the global response to this modern day crisis is based on systems that were created almost seventy years ago. A reluctance to incorporate new technology and infrastructure into refugee response procedures has resulted in antiquated international structures that fail to help people fleeing from conflict. With 68.5 million forcibly displaced people worldwide, a figure that is expected to climb as climate change worsens, it is imperative that political mechanisms are updated to accommodate this crisis in a humane way. One of the main issues that refugees face is unemployment. With institutional barriers to work, lack of proof of accreditation, and a growing education gap, it is difficult for refugees to access jobs. While changes in policy are needed to structurally address this issue, improvements in technology have the potential to open doors and provide opportunities for refugees to build new lives for themselves. There are many organizations that use technology both as a medium and a subject for career paths and educational opportunities that allow refugees to help themselves and improve their lives. These opportunities create ways for displaced people to create revenue without work permits, learn marketable skills that can travel with them, tap into global markets, and regain dignity. This conversation points to the intersection of technology and fiscal opportunity as a way to enrich the lives of refugees and provide solutions to modern problems.
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In November 2017, June’s HIV+ Eatery opened for three nights to break the stigma surrounding people living with HIV in Toronto. Operating under the slogan “Break Bread, Smash Stigma”, all of the food served at June’s was prepared by HIV positive individuals-turned chefs. All of the seats at the pop-up restaurant sold out within two weeks, and the event garnered widespread worldwide media attention.
This campaign marked the first time for Tibneh Charity Association to work on a rights-based issue rather than charity work. This is considered a paradigm shift in the life of the Association. This shift emerged as a result of the Association’s participation in the USAID CIS Advocacy Support Fund grant process. A primary component of the grant process included an advocacy training using the New Tactics in Human Rights Program’s Strategic Effectiveness Method which facilitates the collective identification of locally-defined priorities. As a result, the Association launched the Preserving the Ancient (Perennial) or Rare Rumi Olive Trees in the Town of Tibneh/Irbid Governorate campaign.
The Jordanian Civic Activist Toolkit II is designed to share with Jordan's civic activists and organizations a rich selection of Jordanian advocacy campaigns from a wide range of civil society organizations initiatives that took place between 2014 and 2018 with support from the USAID Civic Initiatives Support program (CIS) (2013 – 2018). The toolkit includes a number of human rights-based advocacy case studies representing different themes addressing national and local issues. All cases reference the international obligations and commitments to international human rights conventions as the main frameworks governing the addressed issue. To capture the different elements of advocacy processes, the cases vary from providing in-depth reflection on two national and two regional level advocacy cases, brief reflections on two national and one regional level advocacy cases, as well as brief reflections on five local level advocacy cases. The toolkit also includes an aggregate-level analysis of lessons learned from all cases presented here as well as others presented in previous tools.
The Specific Union for Productive Farmer Women (the Union) campaign “Advocating for Women Farmers Right to Public Health Insurance” intervened in systemic barriers, providing women farmers’ access to their right to health care. This advocacy campaign shed light upon several critical areas of women farmers’ life experience directly impacting their right and access to public health insurance.
This campaign underlines the long-term dedication Sisterhood is Global Institute-Jordan (SIGI) has had to address deep-rooted rights violations. SIGI has dedicated over twenty years to eradicating discriminatory laws against girls and women, and utilizes human rights foundations of Jordanian and international law. This national level campaign celebrates the success of the entire Jordanian women’s movement to abolish Article 308 in the Penal Code which allowed a rapist to escape prosecution if he married his victim. In an additional triumph, decision-makers also abolished Article 98 that reduced charges in certain crimes involving the murder of women as well as a Personal Status Law to eliminate an exception that forced girls under the age of 18 to get married.
This campaign helped the Princess Basma Development Center – Al-Karak, under the umbrella of the Jordanian Hashemite Fund for Development (JOHUD), to work on a rights-based environmental, health, well-being and livelihood issue that helped build trust between civil society organizations, the local community, and the government bodies. This campaign emerged as a result of the Princess Basma Development Center’s participation in the USAID Civic Initiatives Support Program (CIS) Advocacy Support Fund grant process. A primary component of the grant process included an advocacy training using the New Tactics in Human Rights Program’s Strategic Effectiveness Method which facilitates the collective identification of locally-defined priorities. As a result, Princess Basma Development Center launched the campaign, Enforcing national laws related to dealing with wastewater treatment in Wadi Al-Karak/Al-Karak Governate.
This campaign addressed an urgent need to intervene in the depletion of publicly owned coastline in Jordan. In 2001, out of the 27-kilometer coastline area in Aqaba, a total of 15 kilometers of the coastline was still publicly owned. However, a rapid decline, especially in public beach areas, took place after the establishment of the Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authority (ASEZA). ASEZA was mandated as the management authority for private ownership development at Aqaba for investment purposes. By 2011, this resulted in only 5 kilometers of public access beachfront remaining.
The Information and Research Center – King Hussein Foundation (IRCKHF) has a long history of researching and advocating for children and youth’s rights. The idea for this advocacy effort was conceived based on the concluding observations of the Committee of the Rights of the Child (CRC) to the Jordanian Government in 2014. Specifically, the CRC's recommendations to address the discrimination of the most vulnerable orphans, the children and youth deprived of family ties. The collaboration with Sakeena Association enabled IRCKHF to gain in-depth knowledge of the discrimination patterns that affect this vulnerable population. This, in turn, informed and made it possible to refine the research tools used throughout the advocacy. Stakeholders reported that Empowering Care Leavers in Jordan campaign is timely and of great relevance to the Jordanian community. This advocacy provides an excellent example of the importance of in-depth research for advancing advocacy efforts.
This campaign marked the first time for the Islamic Charity Center Society (ICCS) to work on a rights-based issue rather than charity work. This is considered a paradigm shift in the life of ICCS. This shift emerged as a result of the ICCS’s participation in the USAID Civic Initiatives Support Program (CIS) Advocacy Support Fund grant process. A primary component of the grant process included an advocacy training using the New Tactics in Human Rights Program’s Strategic Effectiveness Method which facilitates the collective identification of locally-defined priorities. As a result, the ICCS launched the Girls’ Right to Education in Jurf Al-Darawish Village/Tafilah Governate campaign.